May 28, 2009 § Leave a comment
It is 11:30 at night and your two month old baby just won’t sleep. You are tired and exhausted and wondering what you have done wrong and you type into Google “How do I get my baby on a schedule?” and land at http://www.gfi.org or you might ask around and hear someone whisper the advice to you “Try Babywise” or “Try Growing Kids God’s Way”. Do you give them a try? Having a schedule, peace in your home, well behaved children – and for the Christian – the promise this is all Bible based is seductive. If you think that you might have heard about them before you are probably right. They made the news because their strict scheduling of feeding was (allegedly) associated with malnourishment and even death in some babies whose mothers were obviously following the program a bit too closely.
What is Ezzo, Babywise and Growing Families International? Gary and Anne Marie Ezzo developed the Growing Kids God’s Way workshops and books and their more secular book Babywise was at one point a hot seller. I have know people who have really stood by the GKGW program and would rave endlessly about how great it was. One of my “rules for life is: “Always assume good intent”. Most parents want to be “good parents” and while what we feel constitutes a good parent is sometimes be very different we all want to do what is good for our children. I don’t think anyone would have the fortitude to stick with this program unless they really felt they were doing what was best for their children.
But there are some absolutely maddening things with this parenting method. I have seen the very typical “blame the parent” shtick in both the criticisms of the program and the response to criticism from supports of the program. Blame is laid at the parent’s feet more often than not. If the program doesn’t work for a couple it is because they didn’t try hard enough or follow the plan close enough. On the flip side if someone is describing the “strictness” of the program or faulting its practices it is always just a misreading – the parents are taking it too far and beyond the intent of the text. Maybe there is some Ezzo Sweet Spot where if you do it just so then it works perfectly? No, I am afraid this wagon is missing a couple wheels.
So, in fairness let’s look at the good things first:
Routine: Few and far between are the children who don’t do better on a schedule than off and for young children especially having a predictable schedule is a blessing to their lives. It provides them with a sense of security and predictability in a world that is very big and beyond their control. Routine is in fact very good for the whole family, the caveat to that of course being that the schedule must balance the needs of the whole family and work for the family as a whole.
Respect: To me this is a key concept, but I think I take a slightly different tack then the Ezzo’s do. Instilling children with a sense of respect for others, for authority, and for themselves is the base for successful relationships. While I am not convinced that the Ezzo style methods are going to achieve the goal of instilling respect in your children the goal is one I agree with. But respect as a concept, respecting yourself, respecting others and respecting virtue, is absolutely key to good parenting.
Obedience: Again, this is one of my key concepts, but… From what I have seen of the Ezzo material for older children obedience is the core of their parenting style. What scheduling is to the infant obedience is to the older children… basically everything. It colors everything. Obedience is very important to a happy child and peaceful family; it walks hand in hand with respect and discipline.
Values Parenting I am not sure exactly what to call this so I will stick with “values parenting”. It is (somewhat surprisingly to me) not universally agreed that parents should pass on their values and beliefs to their children. Some parenting philosophies feel that a parents shouldn’t “form” their children. Personally I find this rather bizarre and agree with the Ezzo idea that one of the most important things parents do is shape the values and beliefs of their children. In fact I would go so far as to say this is a universal fact of parenting, even among those circles that decry it as overwriting their child’s internal (natural, in-born) personality. If parent’s value “self-discovery” and teach their children to “discover” their own selves then they raise children for whom this is the norm, they shape children to believe this is the right way. The parent’s think the child is naturally a “self-explorer” while overlooking the fact that they raised their child to be just that. So at least let’s be honest and figure out what we are shooting for.
If you like your world view, your values, your faith and/or your culture then by all mean instill this into your children. It is your right and obligation as a parent to shape the person you are launching into the world. Every parent has the right to pass on their faith, culture, values and beliefs. Now I know the inevitable comeback to this is something along the lines of “what if parents are Nazis?” Fair enough, but I have to pull the oft quoted line from Jefferson’s “Note to Elementary School Act, 1817″ where he grapples with the line between paternal rights and the societies responsibility to guard the rights of the child. He says: ” It is better to tolerate the rare instance of a parent refusing to let his child be educated, than to shock the common feelings and ideas by the forcible asportation and education of the infant against the will of the father”. Indeed I agree that it is better to tolerate the rare instance of a parent passing on questionable and at time repugnant world views on to their children than it is to try to interfere with the parent’s right to indoctrinate their own children into their beliefs and traditions.
Strong marriages: I find it interesting to see how often the marriage relationship is overlooked when speaking about parenting. The Ezzo’s do not make this mistake and devote a goodly amount of material to the topic of healthy marriages.
April 13, 2009 § Leave a comment
Last week I looked at a parenting style called Consensual Living. I began by going over the points that I agree with.
Now to the points that I disagree with.
Children are not always reasonable and sometimes can not be reasoned with. Anyone who has ever had to deal with a small child who refused to go to bed because something exciting might be missed can attest to this point. While one of Consensual Living’s principles is that “children can be trusted to know their own minds and bodies” this is not always the case. Not at any age. Heavens, adults have a difficult enough time telling their real biological needs from their wants. This is equally true from the nursing infant who can’t decide if he is more sleepy than hungry to the teenage daughter who can’t tell her hormonal drives from real affection. Many times a parent’s superior experience is invaluable to children in guiding them to do what is best when they are willing and compelling them to do it if they become unreasonable.
Discipline is very important. I am not meaning in the “do as I say or else” sense of the word, but in the “do hard things” sense of the word. Self discipline is not natural to a child, it is learned. Concepts like delayed gratification, fiscal discipline, healthy living, self-moderation are all integral to happy and harmonious life. I find it very ironic that a parenting style which displays, especially in the early years, a great deal of self-denial and dedication on the part of the parent seems almost designed to produce adults who have little to no familiarity with the concept.
A child who is in the perpetual habit of always negotiating every point to which they disagree is in for one heck of a shock when they have to interface with the real world. Not everything can be compromised, at times you have to buckle down and do things you don’t like, have no interest in and sometimes can’t even see the point of doing in the first place. Children who do not learn this will be less capable of doing the “hard things” in life that make them successful in reaching their own goals, or even having a job. No teacher can negotiate 30 sets of rules, no police officer is going to accept that you really are the world’s best backwards driver, no boss is going to renegotiate a deadline because you really need to enjoy a nice spring day. In the real world compromise is not always part of the deal.
Children are not developmentally prepared for the responsibility of being equal partners in running the household I am in no way against letting children have some say in the running of the home, especially when something is affecting them directly, but they don’t have equal say because they don’t have equal responsibility. Now I don’t really fault anyone who misses this point, because society at large seems to miss it, but every right has a responsibility attached. My three year old doesn’t want to have her hair washed. According to Consensual Living I should rethink the basic idea of “have to”. Why should she “have to” have her hair washed. It is after all her hair and she can (according to Consensual Living) determine her own needs. So what difference does it really make if she has gross, matted, dirty hair? But it is also my responsibility to make sure her basic needs are met, including being clean at times this can go against her wishes.
Boundaries and rules are not bad things – in fact most children thrive within them and are lost without them. I am a big proponent for “that’s just the way it is” parenting. Bedtime is 8:30pm, you have to brush your teeth, you aren’t allowed to play if you start hitting people– that’s just the way it is. Having an autistic child taught me the value of schedules, rules and expectations. When family life predictable everyone benefits.
Teaching children to respect authority, respect other people and instilling in them a sense of duty is important. I suppose it is a bit old fashioned to talk about respect and duty, but I firmly believe that they are things we need to be teaching our children. Consensual Living hopes that by modeling empathy and concern for others children will follow that example and from natural good will begin to act in a manner that will reward the parent in producing a child who is sensitive to other’s wants and needs. Never mind that all historical and experiential evidence claim that that less likely than more to happen.
Consensual living is not the only way, nor necessarily the best way, to achieve harmony in the home. Certainly leaving behind rules, “have tos”, and any form of discipline will led to less conflict in the home. If you allow your child to wear the same cat costume day after day there will never be a fight over clothing, but the same can be achieved by simple and consistent routine.
Years ago I remember reading in a parenting magazine about a mother who avoided those “getting dressed” struggles because her daughter insisted on wearing only purple. The mother bought her little sweety a completely purple wardrobe and all tension of getting dressed in the morning ceased. I remember being amazed that such poorly thought out advice ever managed to be published… but there it was. How did a mother ever managed to get herself into such a loosing position that she would have to be arguing with a small child about what to wear?
Preschoolers are notoriously fickle and distractable. Even if mother had to physically stuff her little dumpling into a yellow frock the entire incident would have been forgotten by her child by the time mother had finished reading a story or driving to a play date. I can think of almost nothing more damaging to the long term happiness of a child than teaching them that the world will and should bend to their whims.
The harmony achieved by never enforcing any expectation or rule is very dearly bought and I can not help but believe that it is bought at the expense of the child’s long term happiness.
Children learn from more than just example. I have touched on this previously, but this concept deserves a more explicit treatment. Consensual Living hopes that children will follow their parents’ example and learn the positive lessons of empathy and concern for the needs of others and follow it. Children do learn through example, but I fear that there is little native incentive to learn such things within Consensual Living if it is practiced to the letter. What appears to happen in reality is that parents eventually break the Consensual Living philosophy of no manipulation and create a very manipulative environment where the parent is set bargaining with the child in order to get the child to do what the parent wants to child to do.
I am afraid that in practicality it is inevitable that a system that naturally rewards the one who is most stubborn in their wants is not conducive to teaching a child how to put the wants of other’s before their own.
When it comes to the tasks of daily living Consensual Living’s precepts are not designed for success. A young child who is in the habit of having mother or father do everything for him is not going to suddenly turn around as an older child or teen and “get” that mom and dad would like help with the household chores. They might be encouraged to do some work to get something they want, but altruism of the type that Consensual Living depends on is not best taught by this model and hope method.
A gentle but firm method of teaching a child directly how to do the simple tasks of daily living coupled with a predictable schedule and age appropriate behavior expectations is much more likely to produce children with the knowledge and experience they need to be successful in life.
April 9, 2009 § 2 Comments
While reading around earlier this week I stumbled on something new: Consensual Living. The basic philosophy seems to go something like this: All members of the family have equal say and all decisions that aren’t obviously life or death type things get negotiated until everyone is happy with the solution. No “rules”, “chores”, or “authoritarian limits” everyone’s needs and wants are weighed equally in the decision making. Parents need to think through even a nonverbal child’s emotional reactions and find empathetic solutions. Rules and limits, requirements, chores, grades, behavior expectations…. normal life or an authoritarian regime forced onto children making them nothing but soulless automatons, cogs in mindless wheel. Consensual Living questions just about every supposition about what it means to parent you can think of.
As with most parenting fads this one has a core of good idea wrapped in an idealistic layer and dipped into a complete lack of common sense. There is nothing wrong with wanting your child to be an active participant in the family, there is nothing wrong with listening to your children’s thoughts and opinions and teaching them positive conflict resolution. But Consensual Living takes it too far.
So, giving this parenting style its fair shake I will look at the good things first:
Children can (at times) be reasonable and reasoned with. Children do have the ability to reason and understand. If your take a few moments to explain in simple, straight-forward language why your child must wear sun-screen or a bike helmet you may find them completely co-operative. Children also respond well when you take the time to let them explain their feelings. Sometimes what I have thought was a problem turned out to be a misunderstanding. My 3 year old is absolutely terrified of having her hair washed, if we tell her she has to take a bath she will say “No, hairwash”, if we agree and say “No hairwash tonight” she is more than happy to hop into the tub. Her problem is not with the bath itself, only with the hairwashing.
Treating children with respect is important. Children are human beings with the right to be treated with dignity and respect. Shaming or embarrassing a child is almost never acceptable. It is especially important when children are communicating their needs that they be listened to. I witnessed an extreme example of this when I was a teenager working in a children’s clothing store. A young girl, maybe four, was in the store with her mother. The girl told her mother she needed to use the restroom. The mother at first ignored the girl. After repeated requests the mother began to grow impatient with her daughter. The situation deteriorated to the point where the little girl was doing the “potty-dance”, so I informed the woman that we had a restroom in the rear of the store that she was welcomed to use. This offer was declined and the woman continued shopping. After a little while the mother brought her selections to the checkout and while I was ringing them up the little girl wet herself. The mother lost it at this point and scolded the girl, complete with a swat to the tush, for soiling herself. The only thing that kept me from flipping out at the mother was my utter shock that this was taking place at all.
Teaching problem solving skills is very productive. I agree with the consensual living idea of learning problem solving skills and interpersonal negotiation techniques in real life situations. Children who can learn to express their needs and wants and compromise to find a productive and workable solution have a valuable life skill. My children have to learn to compromise in many areas, that is one of the realities of living in a large family. They have to compromise on what story they have read, what movie they get to watch, which outing they go on. Frequently we add a bit of incentive by explaining that if they don’t agree to one thing we won’t do anything. They also have to learn to express their own needs and listen to what other’s are saying in a respectful way.
A peaceful non-confrontational home is a benefit to all family members. I completely agree that peace and harmony are, if not necessary, highly desirable in a home. A family who lives in a constant state of disharmony can’t be satisfactory. The Consensual living advocates also seem to recognize the blessings of quiet time. I am also picked up from reading on their site a recognition that most families are over-scheduled, over-worked and just basically so drained by their busy lives that they barely have the energy to interact sensibly, much less have the ability to create a peaceful home atmosphere. When too much of a families energy is directed to outside pursuits the outside pursuits come to dominate the energy inside the home as well. I can see this being a huge drawing point for overworked parents and their over-scheduled off-spring.
Children naturally learn from their parents example. Modeling the behavior we wish to see in our children is the best way to ensure that children learn this behavior. Actions speak louder than words is rock solid truth in parenting. No matter how much we want to raise kind and gentle children our children are not likely to be kind or gentle if we are harsh and aggressive. With something like smoking I could see not being a good example doing just as well being a horrible warning, but for things like temperament modeling the best behavior is almost the only way to ensure that a child will incorporate that behavior in their own lives.
Next… the not so good
March 11, 2009 § Leave a comment
Every once in a while I stumble on something that makes me say “well, duh” then I think about it and it sort of frightens me that I can understand how much that needed to be said. The most recent case of this was at the tail of this arcticle: Are we creating a generation of teenage-timebombs. It is full of frightening quotes like. “My friends, battling with the issue of discipline, find it almost impossible to impose on their youngsters at any age; the naughty step is all very well, but what the hell do you do when the reach the age where they realize they can just stand up and walk away whenever they like?”.
The article concludes with five points for parents to take to heart: Love, Discipline, Play, Communication, and more vaguely a warning about not starting formal education too soon (until six or seven.) I generally agree with all that and even thing that the priorities are generally correct, but there is also something that seems to be missing. It seems ghastly in a way that parents seem to need the permission to actually discipline their children. As illustrated in the article “Perhaps because we were ourselves brought up with strict – sometimes overly-strict – codes of conduct, as adults we are in grave danger of veering much too far in the opposite direction. The biggest mistake we can make as parents is to want to be our children’s friends. Yes, they may like us more, their classmates may think we’re cool, (Really? Gosh, isn’t that lovely!) but the truth is they also see us as weak. And weakness in those who ought to be powerful will always invite contempt.”
Personally I wasn’t brought up in a “too strict” household. My mother’s attempts at discipline were somewhat wobbly, but I really don’t remember the causal disrespect of parental authority that seems so common today. But that could be the classical problem of really thinking today’s youth is going to hell in a hand-basket — a motto as old at civilization it seems. So what is it about the five little tips that seems lacking.
Two things: First is environment and the second is expectation. I do not think you can raise children who have a good sense of “respect for authority” in an environment that has no respect for any authority. When every television show for young teens and older children is stuffed with examples of disrespectful teens who out wit, out smart and out moral the adults in their lives something is seriously wrong. When a older child’s entire peer group runs the home from the get go it is going to be much more difficult to lay down any rules and have them met. Sadly environment once the child is in school is almost impossible to have very much influence over.
The power of expectations is something I see a lot of parents missing. I have never had even the slightest problem getting the children to sit in their car seats or stay buckled in the car because the car doesn’t move if they aren’t. From their first ride in the car they are buckled in, nothing else is an option. One of those moments that made me stop and think was when an acquaintance asked how I managed to get my five year old to mass every Sunday. She was having a lot of trouble convincing her little boy to go. I don’t think I had a very good answer for her, “Well, we just go to mass.” The expectation is just there for my children that they will do what they are told because I am the parent and they are the child. I guess it really goes back to that consistency thing.